What is going on in Herr Weiss' class?

Today we began using the verb schenken to describe giving gifts to people.

it is a regular verb weak verb and follows the normal verb conjugation rules:

  • Ich schenke
  • Du schenkst
  • Er, sie, es schenkt
  • Wir schenken
  • Ihr schenkt
  • Sie, sie schenken

Important Tip Remember in Geman:

das Gift the gift

das gift =

das Geschenk =

Unless you really want to        with something 

But that’s totally up to you!

Now that we have the “false friends” cleared up with a very important word that is NOT a cognate, we have to know that the verb we are focusing on this chapter takes TWO different objects!! Yup that’s right – a direct object and an indirect object.  To find out what they are keep reading!

We started out by making a list of words in a varied KWL Chart like this:

Was kann ich sagen? – das Auto, das Buch, und so weiter

Was möchte ich sagen? – things students would like to have as gifts.

Was muss ich lernen? – what do they need to know – necessarily for the chapter.

A photo of the words we came up with will be attached to this blog post.

Now here are the grammar charts we used today:

“der” words
r
e
s
e
n
e
s
e
m
r
m
n
Masculine
Feminine
Neuter
Plural

“ein” words
X
e
X
e
n
e
X
e
m
r
m
n
Masculine
Feminine
Neuter
Plural

These charts show the endings on all the “der” words and all the “ein” words (like mein, dein, kein, sein, all the possessive pronouns etc….)

  • The first row is for the nominative case – or the subject of the sentence
  • The second row is for the accusative case – or the direct object of the sentence
  • The third row is for the dative case – or the indirect object of the sentence

Since all of these “things” that we listed above as presents to be given, they will be the direct object of the sentence and will need to be in the accusative case! For more review on the accusative case go here!

Example sentences ->

  • I am giving the apple. -> Ich schenke den Apfel.
  • I am giving an apple. -> Ich schenke einen Apfel.

We look in the accusative case row in the column for the nouns gender and use the letter there as our ending on „der“ or „ein“.

Now that we have WHAT we could give we began to work with to whom we will be giving it to.

To whom or for whom we are giving something is the indirect object and will be in the dative case! For my grammar tutorial and practice of the dative case check out my website!

So far in class we have only worked saying we are giving things to my or your or a specific person.

Here are some examples:

  • I am giving my father the apple. -> Ich schenke meinem Vater den Apfel.
  • I am giving the father the apple. – > Ich schenke dem Vater den Apfel.
  • I am giving Jeff an apple. -> Ich schenke dem Jeff einen Apfel.
  • I am giving your aunt an apple. –> Ich schenke deiner Tante einen Apfel.
  • I am giving Jess the apple. -> Ich schenke der Jess einen Apfel.

Since these names would answer the questions „To whom or for whom?” they are in the dative case.

Here are some websites where you can practice the dative case:

The Dative Case: Indirect Object (Kapitel 11 A)

Komm mit 1, Kap 11-2

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