This topic deals with conjunctions, words that combine two words, phrases, clauses and sentences. There are two types coordinating – or ones that can stand alone and subordinating – a phrase using one of these needs the first clause for it to make sense.
I am only going to give the basic four conjunctions that are most often used by beginning German speakers. When you combine two sentences or clauses using them there is no change in word order once you have combined the two.
und – and
oder – or
aber – but
denn – because
Here is a little rhyme for you: Und, oder, aber, denn – verb does not come at the end!
Here are some examples:
Ich spiele Basketball und ich bin ein guter Basketballspieler!
Ich kann heute segeln oder Schach spielen.
Ich gehe nicht ins Kino denn ich habe Hausaufgaben.
Try seeing if you can find which coordinating conjunction goes in the blank!
Here is a video to explain both:
Here is a “rap” video on how they work in English!
Subordinating conjunctions rely on the first clause for the second clause to make any sense! In German the word order CHANGES! The verb in the second clause will now come at the end! Four of the most popular subordinating conjunctions for beginning German learners are:
dass – that/so that
weil – because
ob – if
wenn – if/when
Here is a rhyme for these four: Dass, weil, ob, wenn – verb is at the end!
Ich weiss dass, ich braune Haare habe!
Ich komme nicht ins Kino weil ich Hausaufgaben machen muss!
Here is a video about subordinating conjunctions!