Conjunctions - Konjunktionen - Bindewörter - "binding" words
This topic deals with conjunctions, words that combine two words, phrases, clauses and sentences. There are two types coordinating – or ones that can stand alone and subordinating – a phrase using one of these needs the first clause for it to make sense.
I am only going to give the basic four conjunctions that are most often used by beginning German speakers. When you combine two sentences or clauses using them there is no change in word order once you have combined the two.
und – and
oder – or
aber – but
denn – because
Here is a little rhyme for you: Und, oder, aber, denn – verb does not come at the end!
Here are some examples:
Ich spiele Basketball und ich bin ein guter Basketballspieler!
Ich kann heute segeln oder Schach spielen.
Ich gehe nicht ins Kino denn ich habe Hausaufgaben.
Try seeing if you can find which coordinating conjunction goes in the blank!
Usage of "aber": "Today we have Mr. Mertens as our guest, who for the past 17 years has had to sneeze, but cannot. Mr. Mertens when did this all start? Mr. Mertens? Mr. Mertens?
Here is a video to explain both:
Here is a “rap” video on how they work in English!
Subordinating conjunctions rely on the first clause for the second clause to make any sense! In German the word order CHANGES! The verb in the second clause will now come at the end! Four of the most popular subordinating conjunctions for beginning German learners are:
dass – that/so that
weil – because
ob – if
wenn – if/when
Here is a rhyme for these four: Dass, weil, ob, wenn – verb is at the end!
Ich weiss dass, ich braune Haare habe!
Ich komme nicht ins Kino weil ich Hausaufgaben machen muss!
Word order with WEIL: #1
Word order with WEIL: #2
Word order with WEIL: #3
Fill in the correct verb weil practice
Several practice exercises where you have to put the Sentence in the correct order
Weil/denn: Easy pop up practice
Usage of wenn: "I don't like it when you bring your work home"
Usage of dass: "Of course I know that this isn't a costume party" "But, not I know what I wanted to explain: On my way here I was attacked by a snake"
Here is a video about subordinating conjunctions!
Usage of "wenn" and "und": "If you need to sneeze and cannot, look directly into the light at the end of the tunnel"
Usage of weil: "Did you call the lock smith because your door wasn't closing right?" "No?"