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Archive for February, 2012

German Grammar – past – Deutsche Grammatik – Vergangenheit: past tense of sein (to be) – war

Lets begin with the past tense of sein which in English means to be

Pronouns to be to be (past) Pronomen sein sein (past)
I am was ich bin war
you are were du bist warst
he, she, it is was er, sie, es ist war
we are were wir sind waren
you are were ihr seid wart
they are were sie, Sie sind waren

As you can see from this chart the form of sein in the past is a form of waren

Here are some examples of how it works:

Ich bin alt aber ich war jung. – I am old but I was young.

Ich war im Kino. – I was at the movie.

Ich war in der Park – I was in the park.

Here is a video of a native German slowly teaching how to conjugate the past tense of sein.

This is the simplest way of making past.  Now for some comics illustrating this!

"Now I know where I know you from, your picture is on the milk carton!" "Oh please, I was a calf and needed the money!"

"Now I know where I know you from, your picture is on the milk carton!" "Oh please, I was a calf and needed the money!"

"We were overburdened with twin! We couldn't tell you apart! We had no choice we had to put one of you in a chicken costume!" "This is a costume!?!?!?!"

Online Exercises

Working with WAREN

Conjunctions in German – Konjunktionen auf Deutsch! – coordinating and subordinating

Conjunctions - Konjunktionen - Bindewörter - "binding" words

This topic deals with conjunctions, words that combine two words, phrases, clauses and sentences. There are two types coordinating – or ones that can stand alone and subordinating – a phrase using one of these needs the first clause for it to make sense.

Coordinating Conjunctions

I am only going to give the basic four conjunctions that are most often used by beginning German speakers. When you combine two sentences or clauses using them there is no change in word order once you have combined the two.

They are:

und – and

oder – or

aber – but

denn – because

Here is a little rhyme for you: Und, oder, aber, denn – verb does not come at the end!

Here are some examples:

Ich spiele Basketball und ich bin ein guter Basketballspieler!

Ich kann heute segeln oder Schach spielen.

Ich gehe nicht ins Kino denn ich habe Hausaufgaben.

Try seeing if you can find which coordinating conjunction goes in the blank!

Usage of "aber": "Today we have Mr. Mertens as our guest, who for the past 17 years has had to sneeze, but cannot. Mr. Mertens when did this all start? Mr. Mertens? Mr. Mertens?

Here is a video to explain both:

Subordinating Conjunctions

Here is a “rap” video on how they work in English!

Subordinating conjunctions rely on the first clause for the second clause to make any sense! In German the word order CHANGES! The verb in the second clause will now come at the end! Four of the most popular subordinating conjunctions for beginning German learners are:

dass – that/so that

weil – because

ob – if

wenn – if/when

Here is a rhyme for these four: Dass, weil, ob, wenn – verb is at the end!

Example sentences:

Ich weiss dass, ich braune Haare habe!

Ich komme nicht ins Kino weil ich Hausaufgaben machen muss!

Online Practice:

Word order with WEIL: #1
Word order with WEIL: #2
Word order with WEIL: #3
Fill in the correct verb weil practice

Several practice exercises where you have to put the Sentence in the correct order

Weil/denn: Easy pop up practice

Example comics:

Usage of wenn: "I don't like it when you bring your work home"

Usage of dass: "Of course I know that this isn't a costume party" "But, not I know what I wanted to explain: On my way here I was attacked by a snake"

Here is a video about subordinating conjunctions!

Usage of "wenn" and "und": "If you need to sneeze and cannot, look directly into the light at the end of the tunnel"

Usage of weil: "Did you call the lock smith because your door wasn't closing right?" "No?"

Today in class: February 29

Today we practiced past participles and past tense of sein. We also worked with conjunctions. I will be adding a blog post about these topics tonight! QUIZ TOMORROW

Today in class: February 26, 2012 coordinating and subordinating conjunctions

Today we learned about the two types of conjunctions an how to use them! Use practice found in chapter 8 on my website. Here are some rhymes to remember them
Und, aber, oder, denn – verb does not go at the end!

Ob, weil, daß, wenn – verb goes to the end!

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In class this week: February 20-24

This week because i am having a baby I will only be in school a few days. Here is what the outlook this week will look like
Monday
No school 🙂 and my baby is being born 😀 watch on twitter I will tweet a picture!

Tuesday
There are packets to complete with partners on chapter 8-2, how to measure products, asking for something else- which means using noch – was möchtest du noch? Ich möchte noch Brot. the second packet is using the imperative

Wednesday

I should be back and we will go over what you did while I was gone and practice for 8-2 quiz

Thursday
I won’t be in again – you will create a newspaper add for a store, butcher, baker, supermarket etc. and use imperatives on it with a partner. Then you will complete a packet due on Friday.

Friday
Go over packets and any questions and do some review
There WILL BE A QUIZ ON FRIDAY!

We will begin 8-3 on the next Monday

Today in class: February 16

Today we reviewed for our quiz and took the 8-1 quiz. We also compared and contrasted how Germans And Americans buy things in quantities fir example kilo vs pound and American pound = ~453g and the German Pfund is 500g

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Imperative auf Deutsch? Wie sag ich das? How do I say it? Mach es so!

Don’t feel like this guy!

The imperative in German is used when issuing a command to someone or more than one person.  In English we use the you understood rule; Go home! or Shut the door! or Shut up! (I don’t have you in those phrases but you know I’m talking to YOU) This works the same way for the most part in German. At the bottom of this post there are links to online practice, videos and websites with more explanation!

Check out this awesomely made video by some German students!

First the verb is always in the first position of the sentence!

Second are you talking to one person or more than one person or do you need to be formal?

Next the “formula” for creating a command is in the following table under which pronoun you are using.

Things to remember:

  1. Make sure you are aware if the verb is a stem changing verb, ex geben – du gibst or lesen – du liest, if so you need to change it! Stem changing verbs only change when you are using du, er, sie or es FYI 🙂
  2. Remember “-e” is added to the verb stem in present tense after “-t” “-d” ex: arbeiten, kosten, baden
  3. a–>ä stem-changes do not carry over into the imperative – Example: fahren, to drive, du fährst; the a changes to ä -> but the command to say Drive! is just Fahr
informell formell
du ihr Sie
Imperative = Present tense du-form without the -st ending, and without”du” Imperative = Present tense ihr-form, and without “ihr” Imperative =
Infinitive + Sie 
[separable prefix]
lachen – to laugh==> Present tense = du lachst==> Lach! lachen – to laugh==> Present tense = ihr lacht==> Lacht! lachen – to laugh==> Lachen Sie!
geben ==> Present tense = du gibst==> Gib mir das Buch!
[Remember “geben” is a stem-changing verb]
geben ==> Present tense = ihr gebt==> Gebt mir das Buch![Remember stem-changes only happen in the 2nd and 3rd person singular] geben ==> Geben Sie mir das Buch!
arbeiten==> Present tense = du arbeitest==> Arbeite!
arbeiten==> Present tense = ihr arbeitet==> Arbeitet! arbeiten==> Arbeiten Sie!
aufräumen
==> Present tense = du Räumst auf==> Räum auf!
aufräumen
==> Present tense = ihr Räumt auf==> Räumt auf!
aufräumen ==> Räumen Sie auf!

Now here are some website with explanations:

  1. The Imperative (der Imperativ)
  2. Imperativ

Here is some online practice!

  1. Quia game: who wants to be a millionaire
  2. Quia game: who wants to be a millionaire #2
  3. Build the imperative forms of these verbs
  4. Change these phrases into commands

Here are some videos:

Examples in comics!!

Sie form:

"That always happens when they take the antidote first" - "Bite me! Bite me!" - "Say Please"

du form:

"Bah - This is no cake! Shame on you for trying to pull one over on your guests!" - "Come Irene, we're going!

ihr form:

"My four, he has my four, stop him!"

"Stop him! Stop him! He has my nose! Stop him!"

a how to use the ice machine at the hospital - can you figure out what is wrong with the German? - It has to do with the imperative case

 

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